Let’s look at the latest radiology trends in healthcare. We’ve picked four interesting topics including how MRI and PSA density improve prostate cancer screening and how the EU’s AI Act sets global standards as other nations follow suit.
📖 Author: Sandra Dietrich | OpenRad team
MRI scans enhance prostate cancer screening
A new study conducted by the University College of London (UCL), the University College London Hospitals (UCLH), and King’s College London, called the REIMAGINE study, has demonstrated that using MRI scans in conjunction with PSA density as a screening tool can detect prostate cancers that would otherwise be missed by the PSA blood test alone.
According to Imaging Technology News, this approach identified 15 individuals with serious prostate cancer who had low PSA scores, which would typically not prompt further investigation.
The findings suggest that incorporating MRI into prostate cancer screening could reduce both mortality and unnecessary treatment, potentially paving the way for a national screening program in the coming years.
NICE draft guidance backs AI for faster cancer radiotherapy planning
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has issued draft guidance endorsing the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in radiotherapy treatment planning for cancer patients.
A news article published by Building Better Healthcare suggests that AI technologies can expedite the creation of outlines for healthy organs during treatment planning, potentially saving time, allowing healthcare professionals to concentrate on complex cases, and reducing costs.
The guidance emphasises that AI-generated contours should be reviewed and edited by trained healthcare professionals but suggests substantial time savings compared to manual contouring, paving the way for more efficient cancer care.
Harvard research spotlights challenges in AI radiology report scoring
A study by researchers at Harvard Medical School has assessed the reliability of current scoring systems for AI-generated radiology reports—as stated by Imaging Technology News.
The study found that while these systems perform reasonably well, they struggle to accurately identify clinical errors in AI reports, highlighting the need for improved scoring systems that can more faithfully and accurately monitor tool performance.
The researchers also developed new scoring tools, such as RadGraph F1 and RadCliQ, to better evaluate AI-generated reports, aiming to enhance AI’s role in augmenting radiologists and improving patient care.
EU’s AI Act sets global standard for AI regulation
According to Health Tech World, the EU Artificial Intelligence Act (AI Act) is the world’s first legislation to regulate AI use, setting principles and standards for AI development and governance.
While the UK focuses more on soft law, the US and China are developing their AI regulations with varying emphases, such as privacy and ethics in the US and transparent AI algorithms in China.
The AI Act marks a significant step in regulating AI in Europe, potentially leading to a global code of conduct for ethical AI use.
Are there any radiology trends you would like to add here? Share your ideas or links to news articles via the comment section below.
Want to join a talented team? Check out our careers section. We are always looking for exceptional talent—from application specialist to software developers.
📷 Photo credits: daniela-mueller.com